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What is GATE?

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an All-India examination administered and conducted in eight zones across the country by the GATE Committee comprising of Faculty members from IISc, Bangalore and other seven IIT’s on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development. The GATE score/rank is used for admissions to Post Graduate Programmes (ME, M.Tech, MS, Direct Ph.D.) in institutes like IITs and IISc etc with financial assistance offered by MHRD. PSUs too use the GATE scores for recruiting candidates for various prestigious jobs with attractive remuneration.

In GATE examination, candidates can apply for only one of the 23 papers listed in the table given below. Candidates are expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of their qualifying degree. However, candidates are free to choose any paper according to their admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the institutions in which they wish to seek admission. For more details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, candidates are advised to refer to the websites of that particular institute.






Aerospace Engineering


Geology and Geophysics


Agricultural Engineering


Instrumentation Engineering


Architecture and Planning


Life Sciences






Civil Engineering


Mechanical Engineering


Chemical Engineering


Mining Engineering


Computer Science &

Information Technology


Metallurgical Engineering






Electronics and Communication



Production and Industrial Engineering


Electrical Engineering


Textile Engineering & Fibre Science


Engineering Sciences


Ecology and Evolution


Petroleum Engineering



Why GATE for Petroleum Engineers?

GATE is considered to be the standard examination conducted not only for post graduation admissions but also to open the gates for lucrative opportunities in several public sector enterprises i.e., ONGC, IOCL, MECL etc. Based on the score achieved in GATE, admissions are offered in IITs, RGIPT and abundant opportunities for campus placements. Candidates on qualifying GATE, get a financial aid of 12400/- pm in the form of UGC scholarship.

Students interested in management can swing in the management line by pursuing a PG Diploma of 2 years in Industrial Engineering. Some institutes in India also offer admissions in the post Graduate programmes on the basis of GATE score.

General Details about GATE Exam Pattern.

  • The GATE exam consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration that contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks.

  • The GATE question paper will consist of both multiple choice questions (MCQ) and numerical answer type (NAT) questions.

  • The Tests for all the papers will be carried out in an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates will be shown the questions in a random sequence on a computer screen.

  • Candidates are required to select the answer (for MCQ type) and enter the answer for numerical answer type question using a mouse on a virtual keyboard (keyboard of the computer will be disabled).

  • Each candidate will be provided with a scribble pad for rough work. The scribble pad has to be returned after the examination.

  • At the end of the 3-hour window, the computer will automatically close the screen from further actions.


Types of Questions in GATE : GATE contains questions of two different types in various papers:

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ):

  • These carry 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections.

  • These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).

Numerical Answer Questions:

  • These carry 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections.

  • For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad.

  • No choices will be shown for this type of questions.


GATE 2019 Marking Scheme:

  • All papers will have 65 questions for 100 marks in total

  • All papers will have a compulsory section on General Aptitude with 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks.

  • Paper will have a compulsory Engineering Mathematics section that will carry around 15% of the total marks. The remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

  • Negative marking will be only for the multiple choice questions (MCQs). For 1-mark multiple choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark multiple choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

  • There will be no negative marking for a wrong answer in numerical answer type questions.

                              Negative Marking

Questions Type


Negative Marking

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

1 mark


2 marks


Numerical Answer Questions

1 mark


2 marks



Design of questions in GATE Paper:  The questions in GATE are designed to test the following abilities:


  • Recall: These questions are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline of the paper and test the candidates on their memory or deductions skills.

  • Comprehension: These questions test the candidate’s understanding of the basics concepts of their field and require them to derive the answers by drawing simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.

  • Application: In these questions, candidates are expected to apply their knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.

  • Analysis and Synthesis: For these questions, candidates are presented with data, diagrams, and images. They must analyse these and answer the questions.

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